Research

Information about the Center's global business research is presented, including three current and three past projects.

The Center is involved in researching long-term trends that shape global business and economies and organizing webinars that feature distinguished leaders and voices in global business.

Immigration Book

Six years after the publication of Becoming American: Why Immigration Is Good for Our Nation's Future, Dr. Fariborz Ghadar and the Center are writing a new book about the contributions of immigrants to business and society. The book informs readers of the main drivers of immigration to the US, the evolution of immigration policy and the state of the visa system today, and our nation's past and present attitudes toward immigrants. Featuring business and regional case studies along with many stories of successful immigrants, the book dives deep into the crucial contributions of the foreign-born population: immigrants work all throughout America’s food supply chain, save American lives and defend American liberties, educate America’s youth from daycares to universities, hire Americans and run businesses, provide essential labor to the industrials sector, and make contributions to arts and entertainment, to name a few. The Center’s research culminates in a forward-looking discussion about where immigration is heading. The book will be essential reading for American business leaders, policymakers and government officials, international business students, and global citizens eager to learn about the significant ways that immigrants shape our national identity.

Webinar: The Critical Role of Immigrants in the Economies of the Great Lakes Region

A recording of the webinar is available here.

On October 21, 2020, the Center partnered with New American Economy, a bipartisan immigration research and advocacy organization, to host a webinar about immigrants in the Great Lakes region. Dr. Fariborz Ghadar, Director of the Center for Global Business Studies, moderated a conversation about the contributions of immigrants to the Great Lakes region, including the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Wisconsin. Mrs. Laura Kohler, Senior Vice President of Human Resources, Stewardship and Sustainability of the Wisconsin-based Kohler Company, discussed the challenges of recruiting talent in the Midwest region and why public education must stay in lockstep with the needs of the manufacturing, hospitality, and STEM-related fields. Mr. Jeremy Robbins, Executive Director of the New York-based New American Economy, shared insights about immigration trends in the Great Lakes region. Mr. Robbins mentioned that immigrants are represented in several essential worker occupations, from software developers to physicians and surgeons. Immigrants accounted for half of the Great Lakes region’s population growth from 2000 to 2015, with the number of immigrant entrepreneurs in the region growing by 120,000 during the same period. Dr. Zlatan Cizmic of Ascension Providence Hospital in Michigan spoke about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the healthcare industry and the need for healthcare services for immigrants in underserved areas. The unique perspectives of the panelists emphasized that immigration presents large opportunities for the region, but communities need to be prepared.

 

Globalization vs. Nationalization: Implications to the Global Economy

The Center is investigating global integration, GDP growth, and foreign direct investment (FDI) in major global economies during important periods of world history, including post-World War II society, the recovery from the 2007-2008 Great Recession, and most recently, the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic. Topics in focus include bilateral currency agreements and regional cooperation, specifically China’s construction of cross-border supply chains with its Belt and Road Initiative.

Webinar: De-globalization: International Backlash or Opportunity to Rebuild a Cooperative Global Economic Order?

A recording of the webinar is available here.

On October 28, 2020, the Center hosted a webinar about de-globalization. Dr. Michel Amsalem, Managing Partner of Riverside Advisors, LLC; Mr. Erik Peterson, Managing Director of the Global Business Policy Council at A.T. Kearney; and Mr. Robert Svensk, CEO of Trade Credit Underwriters participated in an informative conversation about rising economic nationalism in the world, a subject written about by renowned diplomat and thinker Henry Kissinger in 2008. Moderated by Dr. Fariborz Ghadar, Director of the Center for Global Business Studies, the webinar drew attention to the drivers of de-globalization, including the cross-border movement of factors of production following the Great Recession, technological advances, and economic rivalries – most notably, between the United States and China. Post-World War II global institutions like the World Trade Organization (WTO) and their difficulty in solving the economic problems of today were given a spotlight during the event. The challenges facing global institutions have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has spurred large corporate consolidations. China’s desire to pursue its own national economic goals was extensively discussed. In particular, the conversation addressed China’s centrally planned economy that sustained foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows during the COVID-19 pandemic, the nation’s plan to reroute supply chains, and its investment in so-called “Fourth Industrial Revolution” technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), 3D printing, and advanced robotics. Forward-looking remarks were made about the future of global institutions as well as the potential impact of solar and wind technologies on the global energy market.

 

Energy’s New World Order

The Center is conducting a project about the state of US energy independence, weighing the opportunities and challenges of various choices for meeting US energy consumption during the 2020s and beyond, including natural gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), renewable energy sources, and alternative energy sources like nuclear energy and battery energy. The project will also consider the impact of China’s dominance in the manufacturing of solar modules and lithium-ion batteries.

The Center will be hosting an upcoming webinar about Energy’s New World Order, which will feature Samer Al Hokail, President and CEO, Saudi Petroleum International Inc. (SPII) and Fariborz Ghadar, The William A. Schreyer Professor of Global Management, Policies and Planning at the Penn State Smeal College of Business.

 

Past Projects

Cross-Cultural Teams

The Center previously studied cross-cultural teams at multinational corporations and interviewed four global teams at Compaq, a former IT company acquired by Hewlett-Packard/HP in 2013.

Market Concentration

The Center published its findings about market concentration in several industries (1950-present) in an article entitled "The Dubious Logic of Megamergers," which was the lead article in The Harvard Business Review (July-August 2000).

Multimedia Instruction

The Center completed a CD-ROM entitled “Global Strategic Management in the New Millennium,” featuring the late William Schreyer, Chairman Emeritus of Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc., and other CEOs of prominent global organizations. The CD focused on helping firms develop global strategies to compete in the new millennium. The Center was in the process of developing two additional CDs: one entitled, “The Dubious Logic of Global Megamergers,” focusing on market concentration in a variety of industries, and a second about convergence in the IT industry.